Constellation PDP February 2nd 2016

When I began my research towards a potential topic of my then non-existent dissertation, I knew what I wanted to really research but I just didn’t know what to where to start and how to turn it into a dissertation.

After attending dissertation sessions with Andy Broadey (then my lecturer), I found out my interest for installation work and projections which eventually helped me visualise my love for James Turrell’s work and the Light and Space artists. I just didn’t know how to elaborate more on these topics and over all how was I going to write a successful dissertation?

What I found very helpful, were the sessions with Andy and his lectures on ‘Institutional Critique’ which at the time made nonsense to me but yet there was something in those lecturers that caught my eye. These sessions inspired me to write an essay about Relational Aesthetics and the critical review around it explored by Nicolas Bourriaud.

As the time moved on, I also moved away from the initial interest in Relational aesthetics. This began as I was taking part in ‘Art and Conscious of Mind’ field module which were really intense lectures with main topics of how our brain perceives different environments, how we see formless and our mind makes it up, etc. A lot of physical and seeing phenomena were discussed in this module and I found myself hooked on it.

My main interest began with the idea of a void and not being able to see the horizontal line in particular art works, and the manipulation of spaces that would have an impact on how we would perceive them. I was examining the works of James Turrell, Robert Irwin, Yves Klein, examining what does it mean to be in a space and how could a manipulated space make me feel.

After speaking with Andy and trying to come up with a title for my dissertation, I was please as it didn’t turn out to be as hard as I thought it would turn out to be. That’s when I began my dissertation titled, ‘Light and space as values of Minimalism and Post-Minimalism’. An exciting start to my dissertation.

I began doing research and concentrating on Minimalism and its values for space and light, and I found some inspiring pieces of art work and pieces of writing. Particularly enjoyed Michael Asher’s Situation Aesthetic by Kirsi Peltomaki and the interventions made by him in the art institutions,

But as I was just getting into my research and feeling confident about it, I had to leave all the library resources and go on an Erasmus to Venice. During the time I was in Venice I was feeling low and stressed about my further research on my dissertation. I definitely felt disadvantaged and scared as the resources in Venice weren’t sufficient enough and the dissertation draft had to be turned in very soon.

During the time in Venice I also had an opportunity to travel to Belgium and visit the Ghent Design Museum which was a crucial point of my research. This time I could immerse myself into the works and ideas that I have been researching for the past couple of months. Seeing the work of Carlos Cruz Diez ‘Chromosaturation’ 1965 was very inspiring and I definitely felt the urge of my research coming together with my practical work. I wanted to create spaces that would alter the vison and make visitors feel themselves feeling in a particular way. I was interested in art that was made for the audience.

So at that point I was researching the writings of Claire Bishop and the critical writing about Minimalism and Space and Light art, by Clement Greenberg and Michael Fried. I decided that I wanted to create my own work in order to support my arguments about the values of light and space, and I found them at times challenging to articulate in order for everything to make sense.

Through the summer of 2015 I kept researching ideas of seeing and I was getting caught up in scientific terms for how our brain sees and how it evaluates what is in front of you, which I found extremely relevant to my dissertation and I have definitely learned a lot about things that I thought I would never learn about. I would find myself reviewing the world around me in terms of space and light and imagine how would Michael Asher or James Turrell perceive the space I’m in, now.

After getting back into third year I was surprised and quite worried as I found out that Andy Broadey would not be my dissertation lecturer this year. I was put into a group that was led by Mahnaz Shah. I didn’t know what to expect and to be honest I was quite reluctant on whether someone can help me with a topic that I had reviewed with my previous lecturer.  I was so wrong! Mahnaz was exceptional in terms of making me realise what I had to be doing in order to create a great piece of writing. She has really helped me to understand the language of the dissertation that I did not understand before. So I moved away from my research and began writing my dissertation in a manner that was critical, analytical and most of all engaging.

Tutorials with Mahnaz were always helpful even when I felt like I was letting myself down or wasn’t believing in myself anymore, she would always find strength in me.

I can’t argue that I didn’t find my dissertation hard and that I had to get over so many difficulties when research or writing it, but I am so pleased to have engaged so deeply in a topic that still interests me, even after having finished my dissertation. Not only did I gain more knowledge, I also learned how to be time sufficient and how to work under pressure.

It was a stressful journey, a journey that opened so many doors to ideas and critical thinking. I am proud I got to the end but at the same time I feel sad that it has came to an end so rapidly.

Perhaps I can continue expanding my field of knowledge and arguments in my further academic learning as a Post graduate in the field of light and space.





Images of my work towards my dissertation:


Fig.1 Untitled acrylic rods and LED light 2016



Screen Shot 2016-01-26 at 00.39.27

Fig.2 Untitled vertical (still) 2016


Screen Shot 2016-01-26 at 00.39.44

Fig.3 Untitled vertical (still) 2016


Screen Shot 2016-01-26 at 00.42.25

Fig.4 Untitled square (still) 2016


Getting ready for the biennale 

So as I live next door to the biennale I couldn’t be more up to date with what’s going on! Walking to the shop I was surprised to see these bright red installations around the biennale area! Not sure what they are exactly, whether it’s just a territory marking, or an installation by an specific work.. Interesting how it contrasts the blue sky and pale concrete walls of venice. Or the green Giardini.. Definitely getting excited for the Biennale!


PDP – Constellation

Being a part of Andy Broadey’s Constellation sessions called ‘Critical Practices’ was definitely an eye opening journey.

As an artist myself it’s important to have a critical practice and knowing how it really evaluates various fields of knowledge. Taking part in these sessions really enhanced my learning , what was it to be questioning artists and their works and looking at how different critics critique artists in their essays/articles/books.

We have looked at Autonomous and Heteronomous art and their differences as well as Relational Aesthetics and much more. At the end of most sessions we had group activities, given questions/artists to critique and explore. We were always challenged to give out our own ideas and practicing our critique. Having discussion sessions at the end of each session really help the information to be remembered and it’s always good to hear what other students have to say about different issues.

The week that really stood out to me and how I work and think was the ‘institutional Critique’. I have always thought about space as an art piece and how it affects the audience if it’s altered in different ways.

With followed tutorials with Andy, I have spoken about projections and spaces and how they make the viewers perceive themselves and spaces differently. Although at first I was more interested in how the brain works rather than how spaces make our brain work. I knew I had to take a different direction for my thesis to be more interesting for myself and others.

As soon as I started researching I found artists and ideas that really stood out to me. I was guided to look at Light and Space artist, having found the book of James Turrell got me sitting in the library mesmoriesed by his spaces and going home and having to watch youtube interviews with him. I was later taken back to the sessions with Andy especially the week four, looking at the works of Michael Asher and then researching artist in Minimalism and their ideas. Due to the intense and informative sessions with Andy I have really looked and understood how audience interact with the objects in the environment and how art and mass culture are apart from each other.

Before Christmas I was inspired by Relational Aesthetics which informed me in my formative essay. It has truly taught me a lot from doing and researching this particular time in art and I did not want to stop doing it.

Now after attending all these sessions and gaining my own critique in both my practices and academic writing I plan to write thesis titled ‘Light and Space as values in Post Minimalist Art’. Also being inspired by seeing works in flesh in the Ghent Design Museum this March and being able to see and research connections between my Field practice about conscious of the mind. It made this research incredibly motivating.

Of course there were times where I had no idea what I wanted to do (especially after Ashley’s lectures about Literature Review). Feeling scared and pressured. Thinking to myself how on earth am I supposed to pick an interesting topic to research that will stick with me for a year! I sat down, I research and I asked for help.

In the near future I hope to base or connect my personal practice with my thesis. I am truly inspired by big spaces and how audience should evaluate themselves within them. I would love to start working with installations and hard materials. Would love to be more informed by my own practice and place that information in my thesis.

I still have so much to research and learn but with this constellation sessions it made it so inspiring and much easier to begin my writing, or at least generate fascinating ideas.

James Turrell – Reflection


This is a very insightful interview with James Turrell touching on the phenomena of light and its physicality.

Turrell states that light was in the beginning and that light has always been an interesting subject to even painters like Goya, Impressionists, Turner. Turrell touches on the the idea of us humans being heliotropic – responding to light just like flowers.

Turrell talks about his work and how he wants to create a heaven inside a church. People come and sit and just start and merge themselves with the light. Some say its spiritual.

Turrell has made works with static and moving light. We are introduced to his piece in Rice University and how this particular piece changes colour in response to  the surrounding space. This is almost like Minimalism ways of working.

A trip to Belgium..

I may have or I may have not joined the Product Design trip to Belgium for 3 days..oops I couldn’t resist. But aside from all the Belgian beer and fun, I did visit a Design Museum in Gent. I didn’t realise how relating this museum is going to be to my dissertation proposal and definitely motivated me to do research about what I’ve seen.

As I am interested in looking at artists such as James Turrell and Robert Irwin who work with light and space I came across the work of:

1. Carlos Cruz Diez ‘Chromosaturation’ 1965 – 2014

A chamber that aims to alter the perception of the audience walking through it. The intensity of the colours (blue, green and red) enter your eyes and merges the perception of space time and colour into one. Walking through the chamber myself made me very focused on colours and space around me. The change of colour in different places makes you really FEEL them and their contrasts.


2. Daniel Rybakken ‘Surface Daylight’ Prototype 2010

‘This project is a continuations of the thoughts and ideas behind Subconscious Effect of Daylight and Daylight Comes Sideways..’

A piece where the artist has placed a LED panel of light behind a canvas to create an uncanny replica of a daylight. Personally I really love this piece. The light really does look natural as if it was really coming from a window, the idea of re creating something so natural into an artificial object is purely amazing. I think it visually looks beautiful.

IMG_6487 rybakken3. Chris Fraser ‘Slant’ 2013

Fraser who creates a chamber again with slits in the walls and light coming through in lines. Fraser is interested in camera obscuras which definitely had influence on this piece. He said that he is interested in ‘space becomes a “non-space” or a transitory space. I want to articulate that these “between” spaces are spaces in and of themselves. These partitions are often made of drywall, lumber or glass. But they can be made of anything, really. These secondary materials are meant to disappear, allowing the audience to linger on light, sound and motion.’

I personally find it amazing how simple materials and light can create such ‘installations’ and thus change our perceptions.


End Presentation : Art and Conscious of Mind

After all the intense but extremely informative lectures and workshops I have definitely gained a lot of new inspirations and ideas for my dissertation and subject.

I have never covered so many ideas about consciousness and our minds in this depth before, which was quite mind blowing at times.

I thought the workshops were very interesting and I found ideas that I want to continue to explore;

  • We see the  formless and our consciousness (mind) makes it up into forms. –> this really got me thinking when we were in Craig Thomas workshop and seeing his ideas on consciousness and his installation ‘Labyrinth’.

IMG_6286I realise I want to have an intention to make people feel the intention. I am interested in body and mind and how you can’t take both away from each other.

To challenge people with their perception through light movement and colours. To make people feel their body more.

I am very interested in Retrospectives and it is my key subject in my dissertation.

The work of James Turrell is a key for my inspiration. His art is amazing regarding the perception of light and environment.

James Turrell5                 James Turrell - After Green 2003

In his ‘After Green’ 2003 piece (right picture) you enter a dark room and your eyes slowly adjust to the environment and in this process of adaption phenomena will occur, you will start to see things that aren’t really there. Things that our eyes ie our mind produce. This is due to our brain needing to be entertained and therefore creates images in our minds. Things you will experience here in connection with yourself, with the infinity of a given space are completely unique. It’s like looking at an abstract art and our mind picking out shapes that are familiar to us. But in this case these examples are about object less art/spaces.

Turrell is able to able to place the viewer in a ‘theta’ or even ‘alpha’ state of altered conscious, something spiritual almost like meditation.

  • Multidimensional power of light and the complex and the instrument that is human being – light projected on the back of your neck and you’re able to feel a specific colour without it entering your eyes. Literally ‘seeing behind’.

I also started looking at the ‘Void’ and literal meaning of the word. ‘a completely empty space’. The void functions as a normative term, referring indirectly to something that should be be there but that isn’t. It’s like hidden imagery. Like looking at a painting’s x-ray and you can see another image underneath. But in this case when you come into the ‘void’ you will create your images, you are going to be challenged. So on the surface you won’t be able to see anything but as you emerge in the space and light your consciousness will receive different perceptions.

Void is nothing and yet it is something. 

‘The Voids’ – A Retrospective – Yves Klein ‘The Specialisation of Sensibility in the Raw material state of Stabilised Pictorial Sensibility’


  • Investigations on the monochrome and pure sensibility.
  • ‘Now I want to go beyond art, beyond sensibility, into life. I want to go into the void. ‘ – Yves Klein
  • To create ambiance of a pictorial climate that is real and for that reason even invisible.

Different perceptions of light that will travel through your nerve system and some may get lost on the way to your conscious making some unconsciousness ideas get lost. Colours do not exist in the real world , these colours are brain’s responses to the spectrum. A pre-reflective perception , no time to reflect just a perception of the space at that moment.

In my future work I want :

  • the interest of light and how it affects the viewer to be explored more.
  • I want light and colours to be my main subjects of projections, as Turrell said once ‘All descriptions of near death experiences, epiphany, etc. all things link to enlightenment. In the beginning there was light – it has a strong relationship with us humans.’
  • Perception psychology
  • Understanding colour
  • Create intention and make people feel the intentions.